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Welcome to the Ultimate Guide to Solar Panels in Connecticut

This page is a complete guide to the complicated and sometimes confusing process of installing solar panels on your Connecticut home. Since there's a lot to consider, we've separated the page into sections to help you find what you are looking for. If you find this page useful, please share it with someone who might also find it interesting!

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** What's new for 2020 **

By a near unanimous vote, the Connecticut Senate saved the state’s solar industry, by extending its current net metering policy through 2021. We’re hopeful they can design a longer term successor which is fair and creates more reliability for installers and homeowners alike. Connecticut has also rolled out a low and moderate income solar program. Read on to learn more!

Until this year, Connecticut has ranked in the top ten states for solar policy, and also in solar installations per year for the past few years. With net metering offered for 20 years for people who install solar in 2020, the financials look great for those who install now. People who wait will miss out.

If you live in any of the below areas, click to learn more about our strategy for getting home solar that pays you back quickly and makes big profits over time:

Otherwise, read on to find out the best way to go solar in Connecticut, and get personalized recommendations for next steps!

Questions? Our network of solar experts are on call to assist you. Simply sign up for personalized assistance on our special solar deals page. You can get discounted on-grid pricing as low as $4,000/kW! This is paired with the Connecticut solar incentives you see below.

What you'll find on this page:

The Solar Strategy section is focused on the 3 ways of paying for solar in Connecticut, so you can decide which is best for you. We've created a tool that asks you a few questions and recommends whether you should pursue a solar lease, loan, or outright purchase. Then, we provide detailed analysis of how each works.

The Policy Information section contains all our latest research on the rules set by lawmakers and the Public Utilities Commission, which determine how easy it is to go solar in Connecticut. These policies and rules govern everything from renewable energy mandates to interconnection, and have a huge effect on the viability of solar.

Finally, the Solar Incentives section includes information about money-back rebates and grants, tax credits, and tax exemptions for going solar in Connecticut.

Click any of the boxes below to go to that section of the page, or scroll down to read the page in order.

Generate an accurate online solar estimate for your home

Your Solar Strategy in Connecticut

Figuring out the best way to go solar in Connecticut can be a little daunting. From loans and leases to power-purchase agreements, there are a lot of options out there. To help you pick the one that might be best, we've created the handy decision tool below.

We'll ask you a few simple questions about you and your home. Once you're done, we'll recommend a good option. Further down this page, we provide cost estimates and example return-on-investment calculations for all the various options:

How should you pay for solar?

Use our decision tool to find out!

How to pay for solar panels in Connecticut

The chart above shows the 25-year returns for an investment in solar whether you choose to purchase a system with cash or pay over time with a loan or power-purchase agreement. The average home in Connecticut needs a 7.5-kW solar system made up of twenty-three 325-watt panels, which can produce about 8,750 kilowatt-hours (kWh) and save the you, the homeowner over $1,800 in electricity the first year.

Paying with cash for solar leads to the highest dollar-amount returns over time, and the savings are HUGE in CT. But paying up front requires a big cash investment. If you don't have the cash, you can take a solar loan or home equity line of credit (HELOC). Your payments over 15 years will be only a little more than your savings, and you'll still come out tens of thousands ahead in the end. A third option for going solar in Connecticut is called a Power-Purchase Agreement, or PPA, which means what it says; A solar company installs a home solar system on your roof at no cost to you, and you agree to buy all the energy made by the system, at a lower price per-kWh than you were paying to the utility! It's a win-win, but it results in smaller savings than if you own the system yourself, because in a PPA, the solar company earns all the state and federl incentives.

If you're ready to learn more about how to pay for solar in Connecticut, read on to find out more about each option.

How much can solar panels on roof save you?

Option 1: Paying cash for solar

An outright purchase used to be the only way to get solar, and it's still the option that provides the best dollar-for-dollar returns. The reason it's so great is that you own the system from day one and reap all the benefits. The Federal and State tax credit and electricity savings bring your first-year costs way down.

In our example, you put down just over $22,000 up front, but by the end of year 1, incentives and energy savings will erase a bunch of it. Over 25 years, your system will have produced over $49,000 in income. The reason this works so well is that electricity in Connecticut is EXPENSIVE. Solar offsets enough of it to save you nearly $1,850 in year 1, and it just goes up from there. As the electric company raises rates, you save more and more, and more.

Now, even though those savings sound huge, you should look into the look into the solar loan option too, because taking a loan to buy an income-generating asset means you'll be saving more money than your loan payments. It's like being able to start a business that is sure to succeed, just by having a roof.

Here’s how the numbers pencil out when you pay up front for a 7.5-kW rooftop solar system in Connecticut:

  • Installing a typical 7.5kW solar system should start at about $22,000 after the state's generous rebate. That's cheaper than solar has ever been, but it still might seem like a big investment. Don’t worry, because after tax breaks and energy savings, your first-year costs will be considerably less than that.
  • The Feds calculate their incentive based on actual out of pocket costs, so take 30% of $22,000, for a tax credit of $6,600. Your total investment is now down to just $15,400.
  • After the tax credit we subtract your first year’s energy savings, which we estimate to be $1,850. That reduces your cost after the first year to only $13,550.
  • Your system will pay for itself in just 8 years, and over its 25-year life, you'll see a total net profit of $49,700. The internal rate of return for this investment is a stupendous 15.8%!
  • And don't forget... your home's value just increased by almost $15,000, too (your cost after the rebate and tax credit)!
  • In addition to all that cash (and home value), you’ve created some green for the earth as well by not using electricity from fossil fuels. It's like planting 146 trees a year, every year your solar power system is humming.
Keep in mind, the numbers above are based on an average home in Connecticut. If you're ready for a custom quote for a solar panel system, our network of experts are on call to assist you. Simply sign up for personalized assistance on our special solar deals page.

Option 2: Using a loan to pay for solar

Don't have $20,000 sitting around to pay for solar? No sweat! As long as you have good credit or equity in your home, you can still own solar panels and reap all the benefits. Heck, even if you do have the cash, getting a loan to pay for solar is by far the best option when it comes to percentage return on investment.

That’s because, in Connecticut, using a loan to pay for solar is like investing in a business that's sure to succeed, and also earns you a tax break. Your energy bill savings will be greater than your loan payments from day 1, meaning you'll never have to spend a cent on solar, and at the end of year 1, you'll get 30% of the installed cost back from the Federal governement as a tax credit.

Once the loan is paid off, you'll be making almost $2,800/year in profits, netting tens of thousands over the 25-year life of your system.

A solar purchase like this will make sense for you if the following is true about you and your current situation:

  • You can qualify for a solar loan or home-equity line of credit (HELOC) for $22,000, with a fixed rate of 4.5% or lower and a 15-year repayment period.
  • You love making money without much risk

Here’s how the numbers pencil out for a Connecticut solar purchase with a solar loan:

  • Installing a typical 7.5-kW solar system should start at about $22,000, after Connecticut's excellent solar rebate. That's how big your loan will need to be to cover it.
  • The electricity you'll save in the first year of operation would have cost $1,800, but your annual loan payments will be just $2,000, meaning you'll end up spending a net of about $200 this year on loan payments.
  • But wait—add on another $6,600 when that tax credit comes in! You'll come out $6,400 ahead in year 1, which should help ease the burden of loan payments for a few years, at least.
  • The benefits of taking the loan are so great that after the loan is paid off, your profits stack up just like if you bought the system outright. You'll end up with more than $41,000 in profits over our 25-year example—all without putting a single penny into it. That's HUGE.
  • On top of the green that will stay in your pocket, your system will mean green for the environment, too. 146 trees-worth, every year!
Keep in mind, the numbers above are based on an average home in Connecticut. If you're ready for a custom quote for a solar loan, our network of experts are on call to assist you. Simply sign up for personalized assistance on our special solar deals page.

Option 3: Buying the electricity, not the panels with a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA)

Connecticut residents have long enjoyed the ability to get solar from a third-party company and pay monthly, and a Power-Purchase Agreement (PPA) is still a great way to go. The state legislature and public utilities commissions are really into solar, so there isn't much reason to worry that utility companies will start trying to impose monthly fees on solar homeowners like they have in other states.

For now, a signing up for a PPA on a 7.5-kW solar system can save you about $50 per month, which is some of the biggest savings in the country. You can put $0 down and start saving right away. Those small monthly savings add up to huge money over the 20-year term, too, and renewaing that term up to 25 years is possible to maximize your savings without hassle.

How a PPA works

Essentially, signing up for a PPA is like adding a second utility company with better prices. In Connecticut, our estimate for the starting price of a PPA is $.14/kWh. Compared to the Connecticut average utility price of $.21/kWh (U.S. Energy Information Administration, 2018), that's a huge savings! It works because your solar company can take advantage of bulk pricing and federal incentives programs to reduce their overall cost, and charge you pennies on the dollar for solar electricity to recoup their up-front investment.

Of course, PPAs still mean signing up to do business long-term with a solar company, so choose wisely and make sure you read the contract from start to finish. PPAs usually include an "escalator clause" that raises the price you pay for every kWh by a set percentage every year. The increase is usually 2%, and assumes a utility company increase of 2.5% or more, depending on your utility's historical price increases. Make sure you're comfortable and aware of this clause before signing up.

Keep in mind, the numbers above are based on an average home in Connecticut. If you're ready for a custom quote for a solar PPA, our network of experts are on call to assist you. Simply sign up for personalized assistance on our special solar deals page.

Calculate solar panel cost and savings for your specific home

Connecticut Solar Policy Information

Ever wonder why solar seems to be everywhere in some states, but not in others? We did too.

State legislatures and public utilities commissions can enact rules to make solar power accessible for everyone. Favorable rules explain why some of the cloudiest states—New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut, are doing so well with solar, and yet some of those with the most natural solar resources—like Alabama, Mississippi, and Georgia—are doing so poorly.

Below is important information about the public policy, rules, and economic reasons that affect your ability to go solar here in Connecticut:

Connecticut's Renewable Portfolio Standard

40% by 2030

Grade: A

Connecticut's Renewable Portfolio Standard grade

A Renewables Portfolio Standard (“RPS”) requires utilities in the state to eventually source at least a certain percentage of their electricity from clean, renewable sources like solar panels.

Connecticut has an aggressive yet complicated RPS law, which puts the state among the best for renewable energy. The short version is that Connecticut utilities (both of them) must supply 40% of their power with clean, renewable energy by January 1, 2030. The longer version is how they classify renewable energy. They break it down into Class I, Class II, and Class III renewable energy sources.

  • Class I contains our friend residential solar; mixed in with 10 other sources like wind, fuel cells, methane gas, and all kinds of ocean power. 40% of the states energy must come from Class I sources by 2030, and again that includes solar.
  • Class II and III, which include garbage burning, waste heat recovery, combined heat and power systems, and ebergy efficiency—must make up 4% each of the total energy portfolio.

Connecticut's RPS may be complicated, but what you need to know about it is it means the government's got your back. They're telling the utility companies that renewable energy is a priority, and the RPS law is set up to levy high fines against the companies unless they get with the program.

The RPS also works hand-in-hand with the Connecticut Green Bank’s Residential Solar Investment program, which offers incentives to homeowners who install solar panels. Those incentives are paid for by the utility companies, and will be through 2022. Thanks, CT lawmakers!

Learn more about Renewable Portfolio Standards

Connecticut's Solar carve-out and SRECs


Grade: F

Connecticut's Solar Carve-out grade

While the state’s RPS has no official solar carve out (i.e., a specific amount of electricity that must come from solar), Connecticut is serious about clean energy, and has squirreled away some dough over the years into the Connecticut Clean Energy Fund. Starting June of 2011, the Clean Energy Finance Authority (CEFIA) has a mandate to create 30 new megawatts of residential solar by the end of 2022.

Learn more about Solar Carve-outs

Connecticut Electricity Prices


Grade: A

Connecticut's Electricity cost grade

Connecticut may be a relatively small state, but the electricity prices sure aren't. The average retail price for electricity is 21 cents per kWh, compared to a national average about 13.6 cents/kWh.

And those 21-cent prices aren’t going down anytime soon, folks. It looks like a rate of about 3.5% increases will be constant going forward, and that’s without unforeseen spikes in price caused by regulation, instability, and more. With solar panels on your home, you are protected from rises in prices; in fact, when the prices go up, you get paid more for the electricity your system generates!

We would expect some savvy customers might be thinking about jumping ship and going solar! Fortunately, there is a photovoltaic life raft for you to swim out to - one Connecticut has created for itself in the last decade.

Find out why electricity prices matter

Connecticut Net Metering

Statewide (for now)

Grade: A

Connecticut's Net Metering grade

With net metering if you generate more power than you need, you’ll get a credit on your next bill. In Connecticut, they call each kWh your system generates above your usage a NEG (Net Excess Generation). Those NEGs keep rolling over into the next month until the customer uses them all. The utility must pay the customer annually for every NEG that makes its way to the end of the year.

At least, that's how it works for now. Under a 2018 law, Connecticut will cease offering net metering for residential customers when its residential solar investment program expires in 2022. If you install solar panels on your home before then, you'll receive net metering compensation through December 31, 2039.

If, however you miss the boat on Connecticut net metering, you'll be subject to whatever "feed-in tariff" (FIT) your utility company manages to push through the state's Public Utilities Commission. A FIT is the price you get paid for a kWh of solar energy, and the FITs in Connecticut are sure to be less than the price you'll be paying for electricity from the utility company.

If you want our advice, get multiple quotes for solar now, and get on net metering before it's too late. We haven't knocked CT's grade for net metering down to a "B" so far, but we can't promise it won't end up there soon.

Learn more about net metering

Connecticut Interconnection Rules


Grade: B

Connecticut's Interconnection Standards grade

Interconnection rules basically lay out requirements for how an energy-generating system is tied to the utility’s power grid. Connecticut has an opportunity to improve in this area by removing requirements for redundant external disconnect switches and liability insurance, but otherwise things are looking good.

Learn more about solar interconnection rules

Connecticut Solar Incentives

Next to high electricity prices and net metering, solar incentives have traditionally been the most important factor for whether home solar power makes financial sense in a state. In the past, some states with otherwise lousy policy had tremendous incentives that drove down the up-front cost of going solar so much that homeowners could save oodles of money even without net metering or a good RPS.

These days, the big incentive most people can get is the Federal Solar Tax Credit that earns you 26% of your total system costs back after just 1 year. State incentives play less of a role than in the past, but some really good ones are still out there, ready to help homeowners go solar and save money before you know it.

Let's see how Connecticut measures up:

The availability of state solar incentives for residential solar systems was sourced from the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency, utility company websites, and the state public utility commission.

Connecticut Solar Power Rebates

$460 per kW up to 10 kW

Grade: A

Connecticut's Solar Rebates grade

Connecticut has generous solar power rebates, for up to a 10-kilowatt installation. If you use enough energy to justify a 10-kW system, the state offers $460 back per kW, and meaning the max you can get from the program is $4,600. That’s pretty sweet.

Keep in mind that Connecticut calculates the solar rebate amount based on kW PTC, which basically means "real-world performance," and not the panel rating, expressed as watts of DC power. STC tends to be around 10% less than panel rating, so a panel rated for 250 watts has a PTC of about 225 watts.

That 225 watts is multiplied by 46 cents per watt of the rebate to equal about $104 per panel. So, a typical 20-panel home solar system (rated for 5 kW) would earn a rebate of about $2,083.

Be sure to follow the steps to have your Connecticut solar installation certified, and you can count on a really nice rebate.

The state also offers incentives for third-party companies who install and maintain solar panels on homes and lease the systems to homeowners, which makes Connecticut one of the best places in the country for solar leasing!

Learn more about solar rebates

Connecticut Solar Tax Credits


Grade: F

Connecticut's Solar Tax Credits grade

Connecticut doesn’t offer a tax credit for installing solar panels on your home, but don’t worry! The US government offers a 26% federal tax credit for homeowners who go solar. And Connecticut is helping to finance solar and other energy improvements for all homeowners through their local governments. There are several programs available based on whether you want to get a loan or just lease a solar system.

Learn more about state solar tax credits

Property Tax Exemption


Grade: A

Connecticut's Solar Property Tax Exemptions grade

When solar panels are installed on your home, its value increases. We’re talking many thousands of dollars of instant property value goodness. But wait, that isn’t even the best news! Connecticut has provided residents a way out of paying more property taxes for putting solar panels on their roofs since 1977, thanks to the property tax exemption. As long as you file a claim with the board of assessors before the first day of November in the applicable assessment year, you will not have to pay a single penny more in property taxes for that shiny new PV system. Brilliant, Connecticut!

Sales Tax Exemption


Grade: A

Connecticut's Solar Sales Tax Exemption grade

A solar installation in Connecticut is also 100% exempt from sales taxes, saving you 6.35% right out of the gate!

Learn more about tax exemptions for solar

Low-income Solar Programs

Solar For All Prog

Grade: A

Connecticut's Solar Sales Tax Exemption grade

Connecticut has a low-income solar program! Called the Solar For All Program, it's helped nearly 2,000 low-income Connecticut homeowners get solar panels installed on their roof and save money on their electric bill.

Unlike other states, Connecticut doesn't promote solar ownership, but instead engages in a public/private partnership to install solar systems under a kind of third-party ownership called a power purchase agreement, or PPA for short.

A PPA makes the solar installation company essentially your second electricity provider—you pay for all the energy the solar panels generate, at a lower rate than you had been paying the electric company. In the case of the Solar for All program, the cost of a PPA is considerarbly less than retail energy, because Connecticut subsidizes the systems and the savings are passed on to the low-income homeowner.

Learn more about affordable solar for Connecticut residents here.

Learn more about low-income solar programs available in the U.S.

The consensus on Connecticut solar power rebates and incentives

Connecticut has made the right size commitment to create a solar power market. Having the funding for solar energy was no accident. Connecticut set up the CCEF in 2000 for that aim, and started putting money away (out of everyone’s utility bill) to make that possible today. Strong utility rebates and the possibility for great financing deals are great ways to get more Connecticut homeowners into the solar game.

Although Connecticut’s legislation around solar is nearly unassailable, there is still some room for improvement. The incentives they provide residential solar customers overlap somewhat with utility-scale renewable energy applications, leaving the code more complex for homeowners than it needs to be.

When it comes to performance payments, Connecticut could make them more attractive by increasing the price of a ZREC. If utilities didn’t have sweet Alternative Payments to turn to, they would be looking to buy them from solar powered home owners every time.

Well, that’s about it for Connecticut. It’s a great state for homeowners looking to go solar, albeit with some complexities to navigate. The good news is that you can contact one of our trusted installers to help walk you through the process, complete with as many free quotes as the savvy shopper in your heart desires.

46 thoughts on “2020 Guide to Connecticut Solar Incentives, Rebates, Tax Credits

  1. Avatar for Bob Dortenzio Bob Dortenzio says:

    At Sun-Wind Solutions, we want to make sure that you get all of the right information to help you make a qualified decision. We’ll help you understand the available incentives and financing options and when you’re ready to move forward with your project, we’ll do all the paperwork for you!

  2. Avatar for Rod Ferguson Rod Ferguson says:

    This is just great. If home owners understand, they will want to go green ASAP.

  3. Avatar for Dexter Dexter says:

    I’m not sure if maybe you just got a bad apple with your appraiser, but solar systems absolutely do add value to homes and the research has been done plenty to support it. We’re now a good 6-7 years into this tremendous solar boom which is time for PLENTY of homes to be sold. They will add 0 value if leased/rended, and roughly 3$/watt if owned, depreciating yearly of course. It’s been proven to be the same as homes that are converted to more efficient fossil fuels even it’s not really a complex concept. Utility savings = value added, simple as that :S

  4. Avatar for Justin Justin says:

    As a solar panel owner of the past 4 years, I have recently discovered that Solar Systems do not add any book value to your home. Much to my ignorance, I had assumed it would. However, it turns out (logically so), that there are little-to-no sales records of homes with Solar systems, that would be utilized to approximate home values. In addition, appraisers do not account for Solar Systems as a part of their home value estimations and have no plans on it either. I happen to have purchased my system, and feel even worse about those that lease/loan/rent their systems. When they try to sell it can often be more complicated, and also not a known factor for home appraisal value

  5. Avatar for Matt Matt says:

    I’m working with one of the large solar companies and they keep saying that Connecticut has a strict 100% offset cap, meaning I can’t install a system larger than my last year’s usage. I can’t find any confirmation of this other than that the incentives are reduced from $540/kW to $400/kW. Is it really true that CT won’t allow me to put up a system that provides 104% of my previous year’s usage? Thanks in advance for any advice.

    1. Matt,
      I have sold Connecticut solar systems over 100% cap. A perfect example is when the homeowner is buying an electric car or two. The disadvantage is when the utility settles with the homeowner when there is a credit balance at the end of March. The utility will only pay the wholesale rate which is usually less than a quarter of the net metering full retail rate. Thus, we try to size a system
      that will offset as close to 100% without going over.

  6. Avatar for John John says:

    Be careful when trying to calculate a future value of your home after solar has been installed. Solar panels have a useful life. I guess that after 15 to 20 years the panels will need to be replaced. So if I was a potential buyer and the house had solar panels 20 years old the replacement cost of the panels would need to be adjusted from your hopeful sale price. Thereby netting no additional value.

    1. Avatar for Ben Zientara Ben Zientara says:

      Thanks for that, John! In fact, most panels come with a 25-year warranty that covers any loss of efficiency below 80%, so a solar installation that’s 10-15 years old should still add a considerable amount of value to the home, as long as the homeowner can provide evidence of the warranty. And yes, if you’re buying a home that has 20-year old panels, you’re likely to keep getting plenty of use from them, but you have to factor the end of the warranty into your value calculations.

      1. Just to add on to this thread even so many years later. I’ve read articles where solar panels installed back in the 70’s and 80’s still function perfectly well, albeit at a reduced efficiency. SO there’s no reason not to get many many years worth of energy from your PV installation. Panel manufacturers would be crazy to offer warranty’s longer than 25 years, opens them up to way too much liability.

  7. Avatar for Sasha59 Sasha59 says:

    We are currently in the process of purchasing a solar system for our home. In doing our due diligence, one cost we never read or was informed about is if your solar system is very large (our proposed system is 14.4 kW), your utility company can charge you the customer for all expenses to upgrade their electrical infrastructure to handle your interconnection. That is what United Illuminating informed us. They say we are required to pay for all infrastructure costs needed to install a dedicated transformer that can handle our load since the existing transformer cannot handle it given the current customer needs on our street. This amounts to a LOT of money UI says we have to pay if we install our 14.4 solar system, even though we will not own the equipment. We were totally blindsided with these additional costs as we never read about such a situation occurring nor did our solar company outline this in our contract. Residents should be made aware of this potential financial setback before entering into a contract and this info should be widely posted on solar sites. Buyer Beware: A commonly held principle of utility rate regulation throughout the U.S. is the so-called “doctrine of cost causation”, which holds that an entity that imposes costs on a utility system must pay for all such costs!

  8. Avatar for Dave Dave says:

    I’ve been approached by a firm who wants to lease my land to install a solar farm. What do they usually pay per acre? What is the maga watt per acre?

  9. Avatar for Anonymous Anonymous says:

    I recently signed up for a homeowner owned system. Cost per watt, $ 3.50 and the town canceled the $ 200 inspection fee. So our cost for a 9.88 kWSTC system installed: $ 38,930 – $ 200 = $ 38,730. State of Connecticut CEFIA HOPBI payment authorized (and I have this of course in writing) $ 9,207.00 making the cost of the system $ 29,523 before the Federal Tax Credit of $ 8,857 for a bottom line cost of $ 20,666. Considering Connecticut currently has among the highest electric utility costs in the nation, this is a good deal indeed.

  10. Avatar for Anonymous Anonymous says:

    How about a ground mount? I do not want panels on my roof.

  11. Avatar for Anonymous Anonymous says:

    You may want to regrade CT. Their incentives have dropped off substantially. A 5KW system will now only net a $3,375 rebate, as opposed to $6,250 from just a few months ago. In 2012, they were offering $12,000 back for the same system. Every few months the incentives decrease significantly. It seems they’ve lost their focus.

    1. Avatar for Ben Zientara Ben Zientara says:

      Thanks, buddy! We’ve updated the information on this page to reflect the new information. A couple things about reductions in the rebate amount:

      1. Installed prices for solar are quite a bit cheaper than they were back in 2012.
      2. $3,375 is still way bigger than nearly any other state rebate.
      3. When the rebates go down, the federal investment tax credit (ITC) goes up a little. The ITC is calculated after the rebate is taken off, so a 5-kW system gets a $750 bigger tax credit.
      4. Total investment return over 25 years only goes down from about $38k to $36k. Not too shabby.

      Thanks again for bringing it up!

  12. Avatar for Anonymous Anonymous says:

    Hello, I’m working on a project for my environmental science class. My task for this includes having to hold a small interview with a professional in ml the field of my topic of choice. My topic I chose is tax incentives for green living in Connecticut. I was hoping if I could exchange emails with someone on here that I could ask a few questions pertaining to this. If someone could help me with this that would be great! Thank you, Shannon. ([email protected])

  13. Avatar for Anonymous Anonymous says:

    1) This blog page is very impressive. 2) I was trying to research how home prices are affected in CT, does anyone know where some recent (2012, 2013,2014) facts/ statistics are? 3) Wow the prices sure have come down in Connecticut! I just put a proposal together for a client in Milford- 10,970 Watt system. Total Cost $43,8600, ($4 per Watt), after CEFIA & Fed tax credit. Net cost $20,702. This homeowner will produce 99% of their electrical energy, estimated yearly savings $2,124. I’m trying to tell the homeowner home much the home will increase in value but that’s still tough to prove in Connecticut. I just read a report that says for every $1 saved with solar PV, the home’s value goes up $20. If this is true, this home would get a value boost of 42K, (2,124 x 20) and since the net cost is 20K they will be up over 20K in increased home value instantly (if this is true). On top of that saving 2k a year on electrical bills. Again I’m looking for concrete proof of CT home value increases, (which I don’t have yet) but if this 1-20 ratio is true we are about to see an explosion in solar PV installs throughout Connecticut. The benefits will seem too good to be true to most homeowners. If someone has any (recent) info about solar PV affecting home prices please please let me know! [email protected]

    1. Avatar for Patrick Kilhoffer Patrick Kilhoffer says:

      That’s a great question! Unfortunately, like any variable that impacts home value it’s not a simple calculation. We know that from sales of home in California where many more solar homes have been sold, that home values on average increase by somewhat more than the cost of the system. This is attributed to the savings in electricity costs, which then makes the home comparatively less expensive to live in. This effect would in theory happen anywhere in the country by a comparable amount. In addition, there are a couple other factors that may help increase the value of the home once solar is installed. For example, if solar is already installed, then by definition it must be possible to install solar at that location and depending on your neighborhood, every house in the area may not be appropriate for solar. So for someone who wants to have solar, getting a house that already has a solar system installed eliminates the perceived risk of buying a house and later finding out that house isn’t suitable for solar either because of shading, design of roof, neighborhood rules or other reason. For someone who is interested in getting solar but doesn’t have an existing relationship with an installer they trust, there may be a concern about how much electricity the system will actually produce, and buying an existing system with historical data eliminates that concern. Also, some people just want to buy a house that is what they want, all other things being equal they would prefer to avoid the fuss of an installation. So while I would love to be able to tell you for certain that an investment in a solar system of $30,000 will always result in an increase in home value of $35,000, I can’t do that. I do feel comfortable saying the home value would be very likely to increase by at least the amount the homeowner invests in the system, regardless of the location in the country, as long as the Return On Investment is better than a Certificate of Deposit. I hope that helps!

  14. Avatar for mike mike says:

    I am interested in having solar installed in our stratford office. I like a local provider.

    1. Avatar for Patrick Kilhoffer Patrick Kilhoffer says:

      A local installer may make you feel more comfortable, but a proven track record is probably more important. Look for an installer with an above average number of installations and a clean report from the Better Business Bureau. This is probably the second or third largest investment you will make in your life, so get multiple bids and make sure you are working with an experienced company. If the installer has a decade of experience as an electrician, roofer or other contractor and a clean report from the Better Business Bureau, that can also be considered, along with the cost and number of prior solar installations. Most installers will drive further for a solar installation than you might expect. Also consider asking your current electrician or other people in construction related industries for a recommendation, they often know who in town does good work. I hope that helps!

  15. Avatar for Rusty Malik Rusty Malik says:

    There is some confusion on what rebates, tax credits or incentives are availible for residential installations of solar photo-voltaic and geothermal systems. I would like to install both this summer or earlier and need to understand the cost implications. It seems that most of the programs are in flux. My goal is to move towards zero fossil fuel consumption this year if possible. Thanks

    1. Avatar for Patrick Kilhoffer Patrick Kilhoffer says:

      Contact your installers and ask them for their experience in getting grants and rebates. They should provide assistance in learning what help is available as well as assisting you in completing the paperwork correctly. Some are more or less automatic, like the 30% Federal Tax Credit, others are first come first served, and some are chosen randomly although you should receive a letter of approval prior to installation. Your installer has had experience getting grants and rebates approved and will be able to give you guidance on what you can actually expect to receive. If you want to do some research yourself, you can go to and look up the grants and rebates in your area. If you find something your installer seems to have missed, absolutely bring it to their attention! The grant or rebate may be out of date or have exhausted its funding but it never hurts to find out.

  16. Avatar for Mike Mike says:

    The assessor in our town in Connecticut is denying our Geothermal property tax exemption. She claims she is still allowed to tax us for a conventional HVAC system, even though we do not have one. The statute (12-81(57)) does not say she is allowed to do this, instead giving NO limits or restrictions. Nearby statutes (56) and (62) do have this clause, but not (57), which means (to me) that it should be 100% exempt. She is also claiming that no assessor in the state is allowing this exemption. Can any installers contact their clients and find out whether they are receiving any kind of reduction in their property tax for their Geothermal systems? What towns and with what limits?

    This should be of critical interest to installers and residents who have installed Geo.
    Thanks – Mike

    1. Avatar for Patrick Kilhoffer Patrick Kilhoffer says:

      The best advice I can give you is to try to explain your position as best you can, citing the law as it is written and staying calm, sticking to the facts. If that doesn’t work, you can try going to their boss and explaining the situation, again staying calm and sticking to the facts. If that doesn’t work, a local elected representative such as mayor or alderman may be able to assist. Always remember to stay calm and stick to the facts of the matter. And if all else fails, stay calm and stick to the facts. When you seem reasonable, your position seems reasonable. Good Luck!

  17. Avatar for Bruce Angeloszek Bruce Angeloszek says:

    Also the ZREC market is not decided what and how things will take place yet

  18. Avatar for Bruce Angeloszek Bruce Angeloszek says:

    Commercial rebates incentives in Connecticut are competitive bidding and must have money for soft cost such as engineering, structural and electrical, have permitting started and your application in by December 31st ODG it is called. However is you want a 30% federal tax grant you must start the process by Oct 1 or it becomes a federal tax incentive, you also get 100% bonus depreciation this year next year it is downed by 50% bonus deprecation.

    for Connecticut


  19. Avatar for Pablo Mir Pablo Mir says:

    Which are the options and incentives for commercial PV Systems in Connecticut?
    We want to install a PV system in our property in CT (not residential) but I can’t find clear information about incentives and RECs. Where may I look?

  20. Avatar for Arthur Arthur says:

    I think the state should reconsider the approved vendor list given Clarian Energy’s upcoming product that basically just needs to be plugged into a wall socket. Saw it on CNN today.

    1. Avatar for Patrick Kilhoffer Patrick Kilhoffer says:

      It may seem simple to install solar panels, and with the proper training and procedures it should go quickly and smoothly, but a simple mistake can also be deadly when you are working with electricity. Also, the government has an incentive to minimize the risk of fraud and by having licensed and certified installers and electricians submitting the grants and doing the installations, fraud seems much less likely. We all have an incentive to make sure the process works safely and legally at every step, so that bad publicity is avoided as well as accidental deaths. It’s sometimes frustrating to have to jump through the government hoops, but your installer will assist you will filling out your grant and rebate paperwork, as well as ensure you have a safe, productive and cost effective installation.

  21. Avatar for Erik Erik says:

    You have done your calculations correctly.
    RECs are traded on a MW scale. In CT, you can get up to $30/MW ($0.03/kWH), while in NJ they are worth almost $700/MW ($0.70/kWH).
    NJ did this by carving out a portion of their RPS that had to be fullfilled in-state.
    CT tried to do this in the spring ’10 legislative session, but Gov. Rell vetoed the bill.

  22. Avatar for Kevin Kevin says:

    Hello…I’m trying to get more info about the CT REC program. The link provided in the lead post above to “Mass Energy Renewable Energy Certificate Incentive” says that program covers Massachusetts and Rhode Island. Does it cover CT as well?

    Thank you for the great example of a Residential Solar System Installation and Cost analysis, but it does not seem to take in to account any RECs received by the homeowner. Do CT residents get REC’s? And are they valued at 3 cents per kWh for the first 3 years? If I’m calculating that correctly, that means each REC, which is 1000 kWh, is worth 3000 pennies, or $30. That calculation doesn’t seem right, given the general value of SRECs in other states (upward of $600). Can someone clarify this for me?

  23. Avatar for Bruce Angeloszek Bruce Angeloszek says:

    Connecticut is due to end the solar lease program January 29th 2010. This is a moving target date due to people signing up and dropping off.

  24. Avatar for Steve Earle Steve Earle says:

    I’m a licensed Electrician in MA & CT where could i find training for the installation end. Thank You.

    1. Avatar for Patrick Kilhoffer Patrick Kilhoffer says:

      Solar manufacturers such as Mage have their own certification programs, and your local community college may as well. A common method of getting on the job training is to volunteer on several installations with an established installer. This also gives you some insight into some actual real life tips to increase productivity like bringing all the panels to the roof at once instead of bringing them up one by one, and getting as much of the assembly done on the ground as possible where the work is faster and easier, rather than assembling all the pieces on the rooftop. Google Solar Certification programs for the options that suit your needs best. You may have to travel across the country to attend a certification program, but for many people the investment was well worth it.

  25. Avatar for Joyce Christie-Taylor Joyce Christie-Taylor says:

    Please provide sources for grant money, for CT solar energy projects, for an elderly woman, who lives alone, and on fixed income. Thank you!

    1. Avatar for Tor a.k.a. "Solar Fred" Tor a.k.a. "Solar Fred" says:

      Hi, Joyce,

      Not sure about grant money, but Connecticut has a terrific solar lease program that we’ve written about. See:

      and the follow up:

      This a good deal that costs 0 down and is restricted to individuals that earn LESS than $250,000 a year. Hope that helps.

    2. Avatar for Patrick Kilhoffer Patrick Kilhoffer says:

      Check out for possible funding options. Keep in mind that grants are constantly being added, so if you don’t see exactly what you are looking for, you can try emailing the contacts listed for the grant programs that seem the closest to what you are looking for and asking if anything is planned for the near future. Keep up the good work and Good Luck!

  26. Avatar for Tor a.k.a. "Solar Fred" Tor a.k.a. "Solar Fred" says:

    John, thanks. We actually did cover the CT Solar Lease in two post series and will one day combine. But for those interested in reading, see:

  27. Avatar for John Carollo John Carollo says:

    Cost Comparisons

    Lease Monthly Costs
    42 panels 9.7 KW DC = will produce about 10,078 Kwh per year
    Estimated CT Rebate $35,780.00
    Lease Payment 15 years fixed $181.39 per month
    Lease Payment Year 15-20 $54.42 per month

    5KW DC = will produce about 5195 Kwh per year
    Estimated CT Rebate $19,944.00
    Lease Payment 15 years fixed $82.41 per month
    Lease Payment Year 15-20 $25.00 per month
    there is a company in New Haven that is involved in that program. no down payment. win win win situation

  28. Avatar for John Carollo John Carollo says:

    Having lived in Connecticut for 43 years i find it difficult to understand that Ct dones not have Connecticut Solar Rights laws. We have it in Florida and no one can stop one from installing solar systems. Ct needs to step up to the plate and protect the homeowners and business. No one can stop the installation…

    1. Avatar for Patrick Kilhoffer Patrick Kilhoffer says:

      Solar is growing by nearly 100% each year as states write more solar friendly laws, solar costs drop and grid electricity continues to get more and more expensive. I think in the years ahead you will continue to see all the states reexamining their laws to make it easier and less expensive for their residents to go solar, create jobs and improve air quality in their states. As more and more states write solar friendly laws, the pressure on the other states to match them grows stronger. Don’t lose hope, and keep in mind Connecticut residents ARE going solar every day!

  29. Avatar for Fred MW Fred MW says:

    We are a CT State registered, privately owned training school that teaches various greening classes including solar energy, wind generators and other energy efficiency subjects and also trains energy auditors for residential and commercial properties. How and to whom do we apply for supporting grants in CT?

  30. Avatar for Paul Paul says:

    Guy is right just another way for the state gov to regulate income earned for a few. But the thing is we don’t need the CCEF there are other rebates and insentives to be had by a home owner. An as for Contractors all is legal as long as a Lic electrition is on staff. Money can be made all around and money can be saved for the home owners. But the way I see it is the people in the Biz now do not want the compatition of new Biz. It’s called greed.

  31. Avatar for Tigger Tigger says:

    Well, not sure it will be all that comfortable for me when I make this statement, but when it comes to installing PV systems there is a great deal of danger to life and property at play. If an installer has not gotten the training in electrical code it is very likely that the installation will not be safe. But it really can be seen as a fine installation anyway, until someone dies or an installation causes damage due to fire or systems damage due to improper handling of the demands that conditions of use, ampacity, voltage place on the installation.

    Getting the light bulb to come on is the easy part. Having the light working 24/7 and never putting life, limb or property at risk under every condition an installation will be exposed to during its lifetime is another matter entirely.

    There is a reason why the electrical trade is an apprenticing trade and not a book learning trade. The state that I work in requires that I had to be trained for 8,000 hours directly under the supervision of a single licensed person, plus an additional 600 hours of theory and code instruction before I could sit for the written test, then take a practical one on top of that.

    With so much more energy, no pun intended, going into PV and other energy alternatives, the numbers of installations that will take place will surely make it clear how dangerous the average untrained person can be, the odds of failure and harm to life, limb and property go up as does the number of projected installations.

    There are absolutely some folks who are pure genius when involved with these kinds of things, but they are not the “average” and the population size is looking like it will be increasing so radically that those that are of the genius type will be insignificant compared to the needs of the many that will be wanting these systems. The pioneers of PV all pretty much earned their PHD’s though community exploration, with out worry of a law suite because of their own installations. What about the general public? It is a pain, but consumer protection is a very realistic need. To allow someone to install these systems as a “friend” or for hire with out appropriate training is, in my opinion, far to dangerous to allow.

    Whew… didn’t realize “my two cents” was going to be so long winded. Mean no offense to anyone, hope none taken.

  32. Avatar for Guy Guy says:

    My thoughts are that the Connecticut Solar Grant program has been subverted by the agency that administers it.
    There is NO provision for owner installed systems- without regard for the skill level of the owner and there is no suggestion of inspection.
    I’m not even sure it’s legal to restrict it in this way.
    Considering the costs, it looks like a cash cow for the “approved” installers.
    It should be the person who is put to the expense that receives the incentive.

    Guy [email protected],net

    1. Avatar for Patrick Kilhoffer Patrick Kilhoffer says:

      It may seem simple to install solar panels, and with the proper training and procedures it should go quickly and smoothly, but a simple mistake can also be deadly when you are working with electricity. Also, the government has an incentive to minimize the risk of fraud and by having licensed and certified installers and electricians submitting the grants and doing the installations, fraud seems much less likely. We all have an incentive to make sure the process works safely and legally at every step, so that bad publicity is avoided as well as accidental deaths. It’s sometimes frustrating to have to jump through the government hoops, but your installer will assist you will filling out your grant and rebate paperwork, as well as ensure you have a safe, productive and cost effective installation.

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