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2019 Policy Grade


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Congratulations! You've found the ultimate guide to going solar in Kansas

2019 Policy Grade


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Your 2019 guide to getting solar panels for your home in Kansas

This page is a complete guide to the complicated and sometimes confusing process of installing solar panels on your Kansas home. Since there's a lot to consider, we've separated the page into sections to help you find what you are looking for. If you find this page useful, please share it with someone who might also find it interesting!

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** What's new for 2019 **

Kansas used to be the floor of an inland sea. That means the state is home to a phenomenal wealth of natural history. Not only that, Kansas is the breadbasket of America. Guess what you need to grow food? You guessed it: sun. Much of Kansas gets as much sun as southern California. With all those wide open spaces on the plains, Kansas is the perfect place to take advantage of clean solar power. Using renewable energy would protect the valuable natural history of the state and preserve its farmland too.

Lately, though, the state has been taking 1 step forward and 15 or 20 steps backward on clean power. In 2015, the state’s Renewable Energy Portfolio standard was repealed, and a voluntary system was put into place. This leaves the utility companies free to keep charging ever-increasing rates, while they shore up their own giant wind and solar farms, instead of helping homeowners take control of their energy future.

That's the bad news, but there's good news, too! Even if you don't have huge amounts of cash to lay down up front, you can get solar with just the equity in your home, and it will pay for itself and even make you thousands of dollars over the long term. Scroll down to discover the best ways to go solar in Kansas!

Questions? Our network of solar experts are on call to assist you. Simply sign up for personalized assistance on our special solar deals page. You can get discounted on-grid pricing as low as $4,000/kW! This is paired with the Kansas solar incentives you see below.

The Solar Strategy section is focused on the 3 ways of paying for solar in Kansas, so you can decide which is best for you. We've created a tool that asks you a few questions and recommends whether you should pursue a solar lease, loan, or outright purchase. Then, we provide detailed analysis of how each works.

The Policy Information section contains all our latest research on the rules set by lawmakers and the Public Utilities Commission, which determine how easy it is to go solar in Kansas. These policies and rules govern everything from renewable energy mandates to interconnection, and have a huge effect on the viability of solar.

Finally, the Solar Incentives section includes information about money-back rebates and grants, tax credits, and tax exemptions for going solar in Kansas.

Click any of the boxes below to go to that section of the page, or scroll down to read the page in order.

Your Solar Strategy in Kansas

Figuring out the best way to go solar in Kansas can be a little daunting. From loans and leases to power-purchase agreements, there are a lot of options out there. To help you pick the one that might be best, we've created the handy decision tool below.

We'll ask you a few simple questions about you and your home. Once you're done, we'll recommend a good option. Further down this page, we provide cost estimates and example return-on-investment calculations for all the various options:

How should you pay for solar?

Use our decision tool to find out!

How to pay for solar panels in Kansas

The chart above shows the 25-year returns for an investment in solar whether you choose to purchase a system with cash or pay over time with a loan. Since Kansas no longer has an RPS, the state isn't quite financially right for leasing or Power-Purchase agreements yet, so we included two different sizes of solar loans—one for people with a lot of equity (or credit), and one for people with just a little.

As you can see, the purchase option leads to the highest dollar-amount returns over time, but it also requires a big up-front investment. A better option is to take a solar loan or home equity line of credit (HELOC). You'll put $0 down and end up with a big, big tax break at the end of the year.

Your loan payments over 10 or 15 years will be more than your electric bill savings, but you'll still come out thousands of dollars ahead by the end of your panels' 25-year warranty, with the potential to continue the savings long into the future.

Read on to find out more about each option.

How much can you save with solar?

Find out

Option 1: Paying cash for solar

Paying up front used to be the only way to get panels on your roof, and it's still the option that allows you the most control. But it isn't the best option from a percentage return on investment standpoint—that award goes to the solar loan option.

Still, an outright purchase returns the most money over time, because you own the system from day one and reap all the benefits. You get the 30% Federal solar tax credit and electricity savings to bring your first-year costs way down.

In our example, you put down $21,250, but by the end of year 1, incentives and energy savings will erase a bunch of it. Over 25 years, your system will have produced about $14,000 in income.

Here’s how the numbers work for a Kansas solar purchase with a 5-kW rooftop solar system:

  • Installing a typical 5kW solar system should start at about $21,250. Don’t worry–with tax credits and energy savings, it'll be a lot cheaper after year 1.
  • Since the Feds calculate their incentive based on actual out of pocket costs, no state rebate means a bigger federal solar tax credit. Subtract $6,375 (30% of $21,250) for a new price of $14,875. Note: you can take the credit over two years if you don't owe $6,375 this year.
  • Don't forget your first year’s energy savings, which we estimate to be about $862. That brings your cost after the first year to $14,013.
  • By the time your system pays itself back in year 15, you’ll be seeing over $1,200 per year in savings until the end of your system’s life.
  • When all is said and done, our 25-year estimate shows a total net profit of $13,928, with an internal rate of return of 5.8%. That's nearly as good as a 25-year investment in the stock market!
  • On top of those returns, your home's value just increased by just about $21,000, too (your expected annual electricity savings over 20 years)!
  • In addition to all that cash (and home value), you’ve created some green for the earth as well by not using electricity from fossil-fuels. In fact, the energy you’re not using has the carbon equivalent of planting 110 trees a year, every year your solar power system is humming.
Keep in mind, the numbers above are based on an average home in Kansas. If you're ready for a custom quote for a solar panel system, our network of experts are on call to assist you. Simply sign up for personalized assistance on our special solar deals page.

Option 2: Using a loan to pay for solar

It's simple: taking a loan to pay for solar is a great idea. Someone else (your bank) puts down all the cash, while you get the big first-year tax credits—then your system produces electricity that helps offset the cost of loan payments. It's like investing in a business that's already successful.

As you can see from the chart above, you'll start out with a big windfall, because even though you're not putting any money down, you get the Federal 30% tax credit for the whole installed cost of your system. Then, over the 15-year repayment term of your loan, you'll be spending more than you're saving in electricity costs, essentially investing a total of about $6,700 until you pay the loan off.

But from there, it's up-up-up! After your loan is paid off, you'll be saving over $1,200 per year in electricity costs from your fully-owned solar panels. You'll end up $6,885 to the good after 25 years, which is great for an investment where you put nothing down!

A solar purchase like this will make sense for you if the following is true about you and your current situation:

  • You can get approved for a solar loan or home-equity line of credit (HELOC) for $21,250, with a fixed rate of 4% or lower and a 15-year repayment period.
  • You have an appetite for making money with a long-term investment, while also producing benefits for the environment.

Net Present Value: $1,431

Net Present Value (NPV) measures how good of an investment something is, compared to the best alternative. We use a 6% return to evaluate all solar investments, and Kansas's $1,431 NPV on a 5-kW solar system means you'd be that much better off investing in solar over the next 25 years than in, say, stocks.

Here’s how the numbers pencil out for a Kansas solar purchase with a solar loan:

  • Installing a typical 5-kW solar system should start at about $21,250. That's how big your loan will need to be to cover it.
  • The electricity you'll save in the first year of operation would have cost $862, but your loan payments will total $1,886, for a difference of $1,224, or about $102 per month.
  • That's not so bad when you consider your tax savings for the year will be $6,375! You'll come out more than $5,350 ahead in year 1, which should help ease the burden of loan payments for a few years, at least.
  • When your loan’s paid off in year 15, you’ll start see over $1,200 per year in savings until the end of your system’s 25-year warranty. If the panels last longer (and they probably will), your return will go up!
  • For our 25-year estimate, you'll see some great profits, to the tune of $6,885, even after all the payments.
  • And the future is going to look a little brighter, since your system will mean green for the environment. It'll be like planting 110 trees every year!
Keep in mind, the numbers above are based on an average home in Kansas. If you're ready for a custom quote for a solar loan, our network of experts are on call to assist you. Simply sign up for personalized assistance on our special solar deals page.

Option 3: Buying the electricity, not the panels with a Power Purchase Agreement (PPA)

Kansas does not offer solar Power Purchase Agreements or leases. Perhaps it would be a good idea to contact a solar advocacy organization and ask them to fight for solar in your state!

How much can you save with solar?

Find out

Kansas Solar Policy Information

Ever wonder why solar seems to be everywhere in some states, but not in others? We did too.

State legislatures and public utilities commissions can enact rules to make solar power accessible for everyone. Favorable rules explain why some of the cloudiest states—New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut, are doing so well with solar, and yet some of those with the most natural solar resources—like Alabama, Mississippi, and Georgia—are doing so poorly.

Below is important information about the public policy, rules, and economic reasons that affect your ability to go solar here in Kansas:

Kansas's Renewable Portfolio Standard

20% by 2020 (voluntary)

Grade: D

Kansas's Renewable Portfolio Standard grade

A Renewables Portfolio Standard (“RPS”) requires utilities in the state to eventually source at least a certain percentage of their electricity from clean, renewable sources like solar panels.

In 2015, Kansas became the first (only) state in the nation to repeal a mandate for renewable energy production. Wow. Governor Sam Brownback led the charge to change the former law from a mandate into a voluntary goal, and it's a sorry shame he did.

The ironic thing, though, is that Kansas already produces more than 20% of its electricity from wind power—enough to meet the goal and then some, and the state's share of renewables will likely only increase into the future. By repealing its RPS, Kansas is squandering a perfect opportunity to create good-paying jobs in the clean-energy sector and help homeowners take control of part of the electricity generation for the state, which has numerous benefits beyond simple financial gains

Kansas’s RPS was critical to strong renewable energy policy. Utility companies aren't really all that gung-ho about you producing your own power. After all, it takes money out of their pockets when you use less of their electricity. The main reason the utilities would aid your transition to lower electric bills and offer you incentives to put solar on your roof is because an RPS forces them to. Without an RPS, Kansas utility companies have no reason to help homeowners go solar.

Learn more about Renewable Portfolio Standards

Kansas's RPS solar carve out


Grade: F

Kansas's Solar Carve-out grade

If the RPS contained specific carve-outs for clean and efficient technologies like solar panels, or mandates for the environmentally necessary increases in distributed generation, you’d see even stronger incentives for residential solar power.

Learn more about Solar Carve-outs

Kansas Electricity Prices


Grade: C

Kansas's Electricity cost grade

Kansas pays an average of 13 cents per kilowatt-hour (“kwh”) of electricity. That’s almost exactly the national average. We know you like the cheap electricity, but the long term costs of those prices are through the roof. All that cheap electricity is produced by burning fossil fuels. Millions upon millions of tons of greenhouse gas-producing, ozone-killing fossil fuels. New regulations on carbon emissions and dwindling supplies will likely drive the cost up over the next few decades. But while everyone else is paying through the nose for the fuels of the past, you’ll be rocking that sweet, shiny solar power system on your roof, and making money! Just remember to thank us.

Find out why electricity prices matter

Kansas Net Metering


Grade: D

Kansas's Net Metering grade

Net Metering requires your utility to monitor how much energy your solar power system produces and how much energy you actually consume, and make sure you get credit for the surplus. Kansas does a couple of screwy things with its net metering rules that really tick us off. First off, they'll give you retail-rate bill credits for any kWh up to your monthly usage, which is fine. But if you generate more energy than you use in a given month, the utility credits you for the extra at its avoided cost rate (meaning what they pay wholesale energy providers like coal-fired power plants).

This abomination that Kansas calls "net metering" is available for residential systems up to 15kW in capacity on a first-come first-serve basis until net-metered systems reach a total of 1% of a utility’s peak electricity demand during the previous year. On top of that, there's a dark secret that makes Kansas really earn that "D" we gave them above. It's called a "demand charge"—a terrible, horrible, no good, very bad thing—and Westar Energy is the first electric company in the nation to successfully get away with one. That leaves the Topeka/Lawrence/Hutchinson/Wichita-area utility's 600,000 customers vulnerable to extra monthly charges in they decide to install solar panels on their roof.

Westar actually played it perfectly—for them. They got the Kansas Corporation Commission to agree to allow them to do 2 things:

  • substantially decrease the per-kWh energy charge for customers who own solar panels
  • begin assessing solar customers a new charge based on their maximum energy "demand" during peak hours (i.e. the highest number of kW they need to power their home during a given month in the afternoon and evening hours)

The lower per-kWh energy price will result in both decreased cost but also decreased compensation for solar owners, and the demand charge will add a new fixed amount to their bill of $3 per kW of demand during the winter and $9 in the summer. Westar estimates that the demad charge will average about $5 per month, and peak demand will average about 5-kW, meaning $25 per month added to the bills of solar owners, which can't be wiped away using solar energy credits under net metering. That's $300 per year out of the pockets of solar owners. What a pile of garbage.

KCP&L customers don't have to deal with the lower compensation of demand charges... yet, but that's not to say that they won't in the future.

Kansas also imposes system limits that prevent all customers from meeting on-site generation needs, and because electric cooperatives and municipal utilities are currently exempt from the requirement to offer net metering at all. We’d like to see the net metering program expanded to cover all utility’s and every-sized customer, and the demand charges repealed. Fat lot of good that will do, unless Kansas voters wake up an kick their corporation-loving congresspeople to the curb. VOTE, Kansans, and not for the old white guys who give millions of dollars away to the big corporate interests. Read more above about how a home solar installation pays you back in Kansas.

Learn more about net metering

Kansas Interconnection Rules


Grade: F

Kansas's Interconnection Standards grade

Legislators should use that solid foundation to expand interconnection procedures as well. Currently there are virtually no interconnection procedures in place here beyond basic safety requirements addressed in the net metering law. While lawmakers did set rules for additional liability insurance (prohibiting utilities from requiring it) and external disconnect switches (allowing utilities to require them, despite their redundancy), very little else is addressed. Interconnection could be vastly improved here by adopting the Interstate Renewable Energy Council’s standard procedures.

Learn more about solar interconnection rules

Solar Incentives in Kansas

Next to high electricity prices and net metering, solar incentives have traditionally been the most important factor for whether home solar power makes financial sense in a state. In the past, some states with otherwise lousy policy had tremendous incentives that drove down the up-front cost of going solar so much that homeowners could save oodles of money even without net metering or a good RPS.

These days, the big incentive most people can get is the Federal Solar Tax Credit that earns you 30% of your total system costs back after just 1 year. State incentives play less of a role than in the past, but some really good ones are still out there, ready to help homeowners go solar and save money before you know it.

Let's see how Kansas measures up:

The availability of state solar incentives for residential solar systems was sourced from the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency, utility company websites, and the state public utility commission.

Kansas Solar Power Rebates


Grade: F

Kansas's Solar Rebates grade

Unfortunately Kansas is a state without good rebates. And without an RPS, don't hold your breath, either. Voluntary renewable goals don't do much at all to push utility companies to help homeowners.

Learn more about solar rebates

Kansas Solar Tax Credits


Grade: F

Kansas's Solar Tax Credits grade

The Kansas legislature hasn’t been much help in picking up the slack on residential incentives; there are no tax credits available for installing a solar power system here either.

Learn more about state solar tax credits

Kansas Solar Performance Payments


Grade: F

Kansas's Solar Performance Payments grade

Performance payments are another incentive for producers of distributed energy resources like solar. In states with strong RPS goals, utility companies pay a premium price for customer-generated energy from renewable sources, to meet the requirements of the law. Unfortunately, nothing has been done in Kansas to encourage utilities to provide extra payment, and so the best you’ll see in Kansas is net metering at your retail rate. Basically, that means that any energy your solar panels produce goes directly toward reducing your electric bill every month.

Learn more about SRECs

Property Tax Exemption


Grade: A

Kansas's Solar Property Tax Exemptions grade

Fortunately the legislature has passed a property tax exemption. While this won’t save you any money upfront, it will save you thousands over the long haul. Installing a solar power system adds value to your home (we’ll get to how much value in just a minute). With the property tax exemption in place, you won’t have to pay a single extra penny in property taxes for that home value increase. That saves you thousands over the three-decade life of your solar power system!

Sales Tax Exemption


Grade: F

Kansas's Solar Sales Tax Exemption grade

Unfortunately lawmakers have yet to pass a matching sales tax exemption. While you may not think about it on smaller purchases, not paying that extra 6.3% would save you a pretty nice chunk of change on your new solar power system.

Learn more about tax exemptions for solar

The consensus on Kansas solar power rebates and incentives

With all that sun and all that space in Kansas, solar energy could really make a difference in the future of the state. If only lawmakers could see beyond their own noses and take advantage of this abundant renewable resource. Some work has been done, and at least the legislature has considered the issue from time to time. Unfortunately, the bills that are passed often end up watering down or completely removing any progress on clean power generation. In short, Topeka needs to take solar energy much more seriously. The RPS and property tax incentive are a start, but they’re only enough to earn The Sunflower State one bump up to a “D” for now.

Again, if you are confused about how these numbers work and would like some personalized assistance or a quote of your own, simply connect with our network of solar experts. They’ll help sort out all the pricing, get you access to special deals, and they’re super friendly to boot!

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Jason CarmichaelDuaneTimAvatar for Dave LlorensBrian Recent comment authors
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Jason Carmichael

The Demand Tariff in Kansas has opened the door to 80-year paybacks and making owning PV a negative investment. This is not hyperbole, it is real, it has happened. In August 2019, the grandfather window for PV was shut. In September, there is NEGATIVE incentive to own PV in Kansas. It is a punitive fee. It is the absolute destruction and failure of the free market. The monopoly of the utility has already starting to spread. The C grade shown on these pages needs to be updated to an ABSOLUTE F, A failure of anti-trust laws. A failure of the… Read more »


I want to put solar on my land and in Kansas I was told I could not do anymore then 15 kw witch is ok but when I checked into prices 5 years ago it was about 42,000 to 46,000 to put in the system and I know prices have down then the company I contacted to reprice it was 58000 and a 30 percent paid from taxes. How can companies think they can rape you like that when the system they were using only cost them 16,000 to 20,000 to buy?

Jason Carmichael

If you do not connect to the grid, it can any size you want.

PV by and large is plug and play now. If you can do a ground mount, you will save all that labor expense.


Hi, I wonder if Solar City will start in Kansas as well any time soon? Or it isn’t that interesting area for them?


Bill who was looking for a system for his possible senior apartment buildings in Kansas…I have the solution for you it provides electricity, hot water, solar space heating and cooling on-demand 24/7 the system is the only company in the world that offers this capability. We have the worlds record for energy capture on a PV panel. We have systems installed all over the country and have 3 of the largest systems in the country soon to have the fourth.


So are you going to possibly relay that information?


I am considering purchasing 3 senior apartment buildings, they use almost 100% electricity to power their HVAC systems, water systems, lighting, etc… It would be a perfect fit for solar usage, large 7 story buildings with plenty of roof to put solar panels. Electric bills are nearly $100,000 a year per building. I have searched the web to see what is out there, contacted Westar Electric and not much is offered out there for Kansas. Do you know of a company that works in this arena?


very interested in installing solar energy on a house we just purchased…there is so much info on the internet but always leary of scams and junk…anyone near the hutchinson area that can help me out?


i am looking into starting a business manufacturing and installing my own style of solar panels. it seems like it may be more trouble and money then it is worth. do i have to report building small units and plugging them into the outlet in my house using grid tie inverters

Patrick Kilhoffer
Patrick Kilhoffer

You seem to have 2 questions, I’ll take the easy one first, do you have to report plugging them into the outlet in your house? I’m going to advise you to always check with your local utility, because it’s hard to go wrong by checking. If it’s a commercial unit that you purchase that is UL listed, it’s completely safe. It will have an automatic shutoff that disables the unit when the grid goes down so that you don’t shock a line worker. If you build it yourself, just make sure you are using UL listed inverters or micro-inverters and… Read more »

Laura Benitz
Laura Benitz

Image taken by yours truly, Laura Benitz (Wathena KS) …

Nice to see the image being used on an amazing site! We’re looking into solar power as well.


I have 160 acres of farm land in southwestern KS doing nothing. I currently live in Germany and watch neighbor by neighbor put solar panels on their houses and tie them into the grids. They pay no electricity bills and are refunded for the amount of energy they produce and put back in the grid. There is solar farms that go for miles along the autobahns and they still love their windmills. What would it take to fill my land with solar panels and who wants to help with it?
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