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Solar Power Rocks

Clear info on home solar power rebates, tax credits, and other benefits

Overall Ranking


Average Savings


Michigan Is a Cash Purchase State

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Electric Bill Before Solar


Electric Bill After Solar


Est. Solar Payment


Average savings


First, take a look at a typical electric bill before considering solar power. That's a nasty outlay of cash. Imagine what you could do with all that immediate savings above every month.

As a result of what state legistlatures in leasing states have accomplished, you could instead save a bunch of cash. Imagine getting this bill in the mail instead. Whew!

Now, while you have a drastically cut back power bill, you also have a solar lease payment. Essentially, you're renting out your rooftop to a company who then pimps it out with solar panels. Then, you pay a lease payment to them for the power it produces. In each case, this payment added to your existing power bill will be lower than your previous bill, netting you instant savings with nothing down out of pocket! How awesome is that?!

Leasing vs. Buying If you decide not to go with the leasing option, we've calculated the amount of time it would take for your home solar panel system to pay for itself if you put up the cost of the install out of pocket or financed it yourself. This calculation (see the bottom of the page under "5kw Solar System Purchase Payback Time") takes into account all the rest of the incentives below, and assumes you meet all the criteria to take advantage of them (e.g. - having a tax appetite, south facing roof with limited shade, etc.)


10% by 2015 and 1100 MW

Grade: B

What's an RPS? Your state legislature paves the way for strong solar energy incentives to flourish by setting standards for renewable energy generation within their territories. Those standards are called the state’s renewable portfolio standard (RPS). If utility companies do not meet these standards, they must pay alternative compliance fees directly to the state. Many utilities then determine the best ways to source their energy from renewable sources that are less expensive than this fee.

An RPS is a mandate that says "Hey utilities! Y'all now have to make a certain percentage of your electricity from renewable sources. If not, you'll have to pay us huge fines." The consequences are good, because utilities usually try to meet these RPS standards by creating solar power incentives for you, the homeowner.

RPS solar carve out


Grade: None

What's a solar set aside? A solar set aside guarantees a specific portion of the overall renewable energy mix generated comes from the sun. For those states with progressive standards, high alternative compliance payments, and clear solar carve outs, the faster those areas become ripe for solar.

Some states have higher alternative compliance fees than others, and some states have more progressive alternative energy standards and deadlines than others do.

For instance, New Jersey has an overall RPS of 22.5% by the year 2021. That requires local utilities to source 22.5% of their energy mix from renewable sources by the year 2021. Pretty good. However, New Jersey also has a specific solar set aside of 4.1% by 2028. That’s the type of firm commitment which really gets the industry rolling forward. No wonder why New Jersey is one of the hottest solar markets right now!

Michigan Electricity Prices


Grade: B

Why are electricity prices so important? Because that is what solar power is directly competing against. The cost to produce power with solar is relatively constant (of course how much sun hits your area has an effect), so if you are paying $0.40 per watt for power, then you make FOUR TIMES AS MUCH as the guy or girl paying $0.10 per watt electricity.

The caveat here is that if the $0.10 per watt person has a HUGE rebate, they may be better off than the $0.40 per watt person. Because of that, states without any renewable standards tend to be heavily reliant on cheap coal for electricity, and also have very low electricity prices. When electricity prices are artificially low, that hinders the ability of solar energy to achieve meaningful payback in the state.

Michigan Solar Power Rebates


Grade: None

How do solar rebates work? Similar to getting a rebate card from your local big box store for a dishwasher purchase, state legislatures also provide rebates for solar panel purchases to spur on investment and create new jobs. If you purchase the solar panel system yourself, you qualify for this free cash, which many times is a lump payment back to you. Some solar installers like to take this amount directly off the total installed price, and they'll handle the paperwork for you to make things a lot less complex.

The availability of state and utility rebates were sourced from the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Energy Efficiency. The better the rebates, the higher the grade.

Michigan Solar Power Tax Credits


Grade: None

About state solar tax credits: State tax credits are not technically free money. However, they are 'credits' and not 'deductions' which means that if you have the tax appetite to take advantage of them, then they can be a 1-to-1 dollar amount off your taxes instead of a fraction of the cost of the system. So that means they can be an important factor to consider. In certain circumstances, state tax credits can provide a very powerful incentive for people to go solar.

(Keep in mind, we are not tax professionals and give no tax advice so please consult a professional before acting on anything we say related to taxes)

The availability of personal tax credits for solar energy were sourced from the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Energy Efficiency. The higher the tax credit amount, the higher the grade.

Property Tax Exemption


Grade: None

About solar property tax exemptions: Property tax exemption status is a pretty big factor when putting together your investment considerations. Many argue that solar power adds approximately 20 times your annual electricity bill savings (if you are owning the system and not leasing. Leasing still has a positive impact on the ability to sell your home though, in our opinion).

For many average-sized solar power systems on a house, that can mean $20,000 to your home value. (Edit April, 2014: Some companies, like Solar Mosaic, are starting to offer traditional style equity-based home loans for such a thing). An additional $20,000 in property tax basis in many states amounts to a big chunk of change owed back to the state. However, many states have complete exemptions from added taxes when you install solar on your home!

The availability of a property tax exemption for solar energy was also sourced from the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Energy Efficiency. The stronger the tax exemption, the higher the grade.

Sales Tax Exemption


Grade: None

What's the deal with solar power sales tax exemptions? When states give you a sales tax break on solar, we notice. You should too. State sales tax exemption status for the purchase of solar energy systems were sourced from the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Energy Efficiency. Sales tax exemptions, if present, were all 100%. A handful of states are completely exempt from sales tax regardless, and therefore received ‘A’ grades by default (OR, DE, MT, AK, and NH).

Solar Power Performance Payments

Consumers Energy Only Residential, July - August 2013: $0.243/kWhN Residential, October - November 2013: TBD

Grade: D

Explanation of performance payments: Performance payments represent a big chunk of the financial rationale for going solar, and in many instances they make your decision a wise one. For certain states, if you’ve got solar panels on your roof, not only will you be cutting your electric bill down to size, but you'll be getting paid additional cash from your utility company. Pretty awesome, huh? Not only are you generating electricity for yourself, freezing your own popsicles with sun, and feeling like you’re doing something smart for your children or any of the other 4 reasons people go solar, but you are getting PAID!

Utility companies are paying people with solar panels on their roofs because their states say they have to, otherwise they will pay a fee. Therefore, the payment amount to homeowners is typically a little bit less than the amount they would be billed for by the state. For states with these alternative compliance fees, Solar Renewable Energy Credit (SREC) exchanges have popped up. In the above chart, we outlined an estimate of yearly payments a homeowner might expect from the utility company for the SREC credits from their solar energy system.

Expected SREC payments were calculated by using the latest trade values in the SRECtrade database. The availability of feed-in tariffs were sourced from the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Energy Efficiency. The higher the expected monthly payments, the higher the grade.

If you don’t know what an SREC is, or how they work, check out this great SREC video

Time it Takes for 5kW of Solar Power to Pay for Itself

7 Years

Grade: D

Michigan Net Metering


Grade: A

What is net metering? Net metering is the billing arrangement where you can sell excess electricity back to your utility for equal the amount you are charged to consume it. The more customer friendly net metering policies, the higher the grade.

The grade here specifically reflects individual solar system capacity, caps on program capacity limits, restrictions on “rollover” of kWh from one month to the next (yep just like cell phone minutes), metering issues (like charges for new meters), Renewable Energy Credit (REC) ownership, eligible customers and technology (the more renewables the better), being able to aggregate meters across the property for net metering, and safe harbor provisions to protect customers from solar tariff changes.

Michigan Interconnection Rules


Interconnection rules are a little technical, but they basically allow you to “plug in” to the electric grid with solar panels on your roof. The more complex, out of date, or nonsensical the state rules are for plugging into the grid, the lower the grade.

Specifically, the grade reflects what technologies are eligible, individual system capacity, removing interconnection process complexity for smaller systems, interconnection timelines and charges, engineering charges, prohibiting the requirement of unnecessary external disconnects, certification, spot interconnection vs. wide area interconnection, technical screens, friendliness of legalese, insurance requirements, dispute resolution, and rule coverage.

Home Solar Power: Leasing Vs. Purchasing

To lease, or not to lease? Willsolar Shakespanels would be proud we're discussing this. Here's the basic deal. If you choose to lease your panels, you benefit from no out of pocket costs and an immediately reduced total electricity payment. Because of this, many regard this option as a no-brainer, since there isn't any downside to think of. The only hiccup you'll start to experience is when you consider the long term financial benefit of owning the solar panel system yourself.

In many situations, if you can afford the outlay or can easily secure financing, the cost of the install becomes an investment with a return outpacing even the strongest performing mutual funds. In addition, there's significantly less principal risk, since the energy credits you will be producing are tied to the sun coming up in the morning instead of our financial markets!

Additionally, if you go the leasing route, you must forfeit all the credits and performance payments you would receive by owning the system yourself to the solar leasing company (after all, that's how they can afford to give you such a no-brainer proposition in the first place).

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Welcome to the Michigan solar power information page – Details Section

If you have any questions, our network of solar experts are on call to assist you. Simply sign up for personalized assistance on our special solar deals page.

People think that just because it’s cold and snows in Michigan during the winter that you can’t go solar. Wrong. Over the course of the year, a city like Detroit gets an average of 4.2 hours of sun a day. That’s plenty for solar. Plus, solar panels are more efficient (produce more energy) when it’s cold, and less energy when it’s hot. So while you might not love the cold and the snow for other reasons, keeping you from saving money (and the planet) with solar power shouldn’t be one of them!

Michigan’s Renewable Portfolio Standard

A Renewables Portfolio Standard (“RPS”) is a law or other piece of regulation that mandates that a certain percentage of at state’s energy production comes from renewable resources by specified target dates. A strong RPS is important because it forces utility companies to promote conversion to renewable energy. That generally means free money for you in the form of solar power rebates and performance payments when you switch to solar.

Michigan’s RPS sets a minimum renewable generation level of 10% by 2015. The state’s two largest investor-owned utilities have additional obligations: Detroit Edison must produce 300 MW of new reneables by 2013 and 600 MW by 2015; Consumers Energy must produce 200 MW and 500 MW of new renewables by the same dates.

Any RPS is better than none, but those overall figures are a bit low to truly encourage strong solar policy. To truly affect solar policy, an RPS needs to set high minimum levels and threaten utilities with penalties if they don’t meet those levels.

Michigan Solar Power Performance Payments

The additional requirement in the RPS does seem to have stirred at least one of the two big utilities into encouraging solar power. Consumers Energy has reopened its Experimental Advanced Renewable Program (“EARP”). EARP is a buy-back tariff where Consumers purchases all of the solar energy you produce. That means you’re not using that energy to power your home, and certainly not getting net metering (we’ll get to that later). You will, however, getting a pretty good purchase price – between $0.20 and $.259 per kilowatt-hour (usually in the higher end of the range for residential customers).

No other performance payments are available in Michigan.

Michigan Solar Power Rebates

Now the effects of the law RPS can start to be seen. Just a few years ago Michigan had a real strong statewide solar power rebate program. But that program has gone the way of the dodo, and with the RPS goals still at a low 10%, utilities lack the incentives they need to keep offering you incentives for solar power.

Michigan Solar Power Tax Credits

Michigan also lacks any solar tax credits. Tax credits are a golden opportunity for legislators in every state to encourage solar power. Tax credits minimize both the work and the “out-of-pocket” cost to the state, so it literally costs legislators almost nothing to potentially save you thousands on a solar power system! Michigan lawmakers should take advantage of that win-win with a strong personal tax credit on the purchase of a residential system like the one you’re considering.

Tax Exemptions

Thankfully Michigan does have an exemption for the property taxes that would otherwise be associated with the increase in home value you get when you install a solar power system. That’s a pretty sweet little law right there – it saves you money year after year, for the entire life of your solar system.

Given how much the property tax exemption saves you, we can overlook the lack of an equivalent sales tax exemption. But that sales tax exemption would still be nice. Nice to the tune of the 6% it would save you on the up-front cost, that is.

Utility Prices

Michigan pays an average of 13.68 cents/kwh of electricity. That’s about two cents above the national average of 11.43. Yes, we know those 2 cents add up. Yes, we know you hate that monthly electric bill. But that’s only until you’ve made the switch to solar power! That 2 cents per kwh does indeed add up. Right now it adds up to higher bills, but once you’ve made the switch to solar, it adds up to higher savings!

Not to mention, electricity costs are only going to rise. Currently far too much of our energy comes from nonrenewable, dirty fossil duels. As the long-term costs associated with fossil fuels start to really kick in, standard electricity prices are going to skyrocket. When that happens, you’re going to look like a regular Einstein for having made the early switch to producing your own power.

Net Metering and Interconnection

Net Metering requires your utility to monitor how much energy your solar power system produces and how much energy you actually consume. If you run an electricity surplus, you get credit for it.

Michigan has a very strong net metering law that lets you carry over all Net Excess Generation (“NEG”) (i.e. your surplus) at the full retail electricity rate. NEG credits are applied to your next month’s bill, and if you continue to run a surplus, the credits can be carried over indefinitely to apply toward future charges.

For small systems like yours, net metering application fees may not exceed $25, and total charges along with interconnection studies may not exceed $100 total.

Speaking of interconnection, the law supporting your residential solar power system getting hooked up to the grid are strong here as well. Like we just said, the application and review fews are capped at just $75 for interconnection. Even better, utilities are prohibited from requiring you to carry additional liability insurance, a sometimes burdensome additional cost we’ve seen imposed in too many other places.

Example 5kW (5000 Watt DC STC) Solar System Return on Investment in Michigan

What do all the numbers add up to for you? Let’s take a look:

Installing a typical 5kW solar system should start at about $25,000. Don’t worry; even without state incentives that’s going to drop a lot:

  • Since the federal government calculates the 30% federal solar tax credit after state solar power rebates, no check from the state means a bigger check from the feds. Subtract $7,500 (30% of $25,000 for a new price of $17,500.
  • Then subtract your annual electricity savings of $747, for a final price after year one of $16,753. A discount of more than eight grand already – not bad at all, even without state solar incentives!
  • Taking a conservative estimate of the future rise of electricity prices, your solar power system should pay for itself in about 15 years. After that you start turning a profit to the tune of nearly $20,000 the next 10 years that your system should be churning out clean solar power.
  • Oh yeah! Least we forget, all that clean solar power is good for the earth as well. How good? The equivalent of planting 97 trees every years!

These numbers are estimates. Your home is unique and how much power you generate and how much money you save depends on that uniqueness. The best way to find out how much cash switching to solar can save you is to get one of our free quotes, and an expert installer in your area can draw up a home-specific estimate for you. Your quote is 100% free (yes, that’s right, 100% free) and you can get as many of them as that smart shopper in you desires!

The consensus on Michigan solar power rebates and incentives

Michigan isn’t all bad on the solar power front, but overall the picture isn’t too bright, at least for now. A 15 year payback timeframe and virtually no state solar incentives leaves Michigan with a “C.” We had to seriously consider dropping you down even further, but given a strong recent history, the still strong net metering and interconnection laws, and te above average electricity prices, we thought we’d offer you the benefit of the doubt.

Another reason we gave Michigan a “C” is because there is more room for improvement here than in most other states that are currently weak in solar policy:

First, just a few years ago the passage of the RPS spurred a very strong statewide incentive program that made solar policy here some of the best in the nation. So that suggests a willingness on the park of lawmakers in Lansing to help promote more clean and efficient solar power.

Second, there is room for simple but rapid improvement. While the current RPS minimum renewable energy level of 10% is quite low, it’s implementation timeframe (by 2015) is a much-nearer date than most other Renewable Portfolio Standards. Because most of the higher-minimum RPS’s have phase-in periods, 10% is not too far behind where many of the stronger overall Standards will be in 2015. That means if the Michigan legislature were to raise RPS standards now, we’d barely miss a beat in maintaining a strong level of renewable energy requirements. And just as we’ve seen in every state that’s adopted strong RPS goals, strong incentives for residential solar power follow quickly thereafter.

2015 Michigan Solar Power Report Card

Our older archived Michigan Solar Power costs and savings breakdown images for reference:

29 thoughts on “Michigan Solar Power for your house – rebates, tax credits, savings

  1. Anonymous says:

    “Essentially, you’re renting out your rooftop to a company who then pimps it out with solar panels. Then, you pay a lease payment to them for the power it produces. In each case, this payment added to your existing power bill will be lower than your previous bill, netting you instant savings with nothing down out of pocket! How awesome is that?!”

    1. It’s pretty darn awesome!

  2. Anonymous says:

    I signed up for the Consumers Energy EARP program and installed a 10.1K system…Since November 21,2014 I have generated 4500kwh or $1165 in energy value at .259 /kwh. Very happy with my system…now thinking about solar hot water to preheat my Geothermal tank water to reduce electrical use there…If you are thinking of solar and you are a consumers energy customer fill out the app for EARP and do it…best thing I ever did….feel free to contact me for info on my set up.

  3. DW says:

    Read thru the list of comments and they are somewhat negative, but if you put in solar yourself you can save about half the cost still get back 30% and the payoff is far better than 15 years. I am looking at 5 – 7 right now. First month made over 500 kWh on 5K system. So talk all you want, but solar is great and great for the environment. A $30000 dollar car goes down in value every year but $30000 into solar only goes up in value and lowers your costs for electricity while saving the fossil fuel. The younger you are the better the return over your lifetime!

  4. Anonymous says:

    If only Solar wasn’t so expensive. i started selling solar energy systems back in 1980, thanks to the tax credits that added up to 70%, back then. Only problem we the tax payers end up paying for all the tax credits. We need something that competes with fossil fuels, so far wind is by far the best way to go, as far as electrical prodution goes. I was working at United Solar in Greenville and saw the demise of one of the leaders in solar. They were to dependant upon goverment subsidies in Europe and other countries, Now domestic hot water is still a feasible use for solar , especially if you build your own system.

  5. Jerry says:

    Hello to all..ive been doing solar now for over 7 years.ivd i burnt solar panels up to see what they can handel. I build hi power panels like 32volts @ 40 amps. This is one panel size of panel. 32×37 inches On cloudy days this panls still has volts. Well over 19 volts at 20 amps which is good. Michigan will be great for solar power. I had meeting with grams and Carl Levin i think if u are not lining pockets solar will go no where. I say cut off the hand of lining pockets i had 5 diffrent meetings they rather give uni solar 526 billion so this Company.can file bankruptcy bp bought the solar Company told them to file chapter so they don’t have to pay back anything that was borrow. i will show video soon on you tube so people can see it ive showed some people video from my phone.

  6. jeff anderson says:

    very nice i think we need to start using solar power instead of fuels good job guys

  7. TTT says:


    The current customer-owned SolarCurrents program that is being offered by Detroit Edison accepts only Grid-Tied solar systems, which means the solar system depends on the presence of the utility. When you lose power, the grid-tied solar system will not be able to generate energy. However, to utilize the solar panels when the utility is not presence and still be eligible for the SolarCurrents program, people connected a battery system through an off-grid inverter in addition to the grid-tied inverter. The installation cost for this type of solar system is quite pricey.

  8. M says:

    Tim and others, A great place to start for solar training & just basic info is the Great Lakes Renewable Energy Association (GLREA)in Dimondale.

  9. DSB62,

    That feed-in-tarriff has not past, but there are some substantial rebates still. Please see the link below for DTE program.

    We don’t give individual quotes, btw, but we’re happy to set you up with someone in your area who does. :) Please fill out our form. Thanks.


  10. dsb62 says:

    I posted somthign similar to Solar Fred.

    Has the feed in tariff described above passed, I cant find anything

  11. Rick Waite says:

    The details of Consumers Energy Program are on http://www.dsireusa.org
    The monthly metering charge for residential systems is only $6/month

  12. Dan Hahn says:

    Hi Jeff,

    I actually updated the page today due to your question tonight. So, thanks for your question and I hope you find the info useful!

    – Dan

  13. Jeff Ostrom says:

    In the body of this site you reference a $.65/Kwh feed-in tariff that is contained in a “new energy bill”. I have been unable to find another reference to said bill. Can you help direct my efforts?

  14. Pete says:

    Solar Energy will Fail! Under the guise of Global warming the department of Energy (DOE) is part of the program of spraying to form clouds,some people call them chemtrails. Our future is growing Dimmer everyday, which is man made and the men involved are the(CFR). Call senator Levin and ask him about it.Senator Levin is very smart and very informed, I just wish he was on our side (The side of the People).

  15. Dale says:

    Correct me if I’m wrong here, but isn’t Michigan’s proposed buy back of $.65/kWh for unused Solar Power a mute point? Since most residential solar generation systems only generate about 25% -50% of the total power used by a household, there wouldn’t be any power being sold back to the power companies. It may sound good, but it looks like there is no bite that goes with this bark…

  16. Tim says:

    I have been a residential builder/re modeler for 25 years. Self employed. Business is slow now. How do I become informed and educated as how to offer these to customers and become certified with solar panel system installation installation in Michigan.

  17. cathy says:

    was wondering if we install a solar panel system in Michigan and lose power from DTE like we do every year during the summer storms will our system keep running the house

  18. Rick Middleton says:

    Has there been an update on the progress of these Michigan bills?

  19. Stan Graff says:

    It would be helpful to be able to deduct the cost of the solar installation from any gains when one sells a house. With payback of 8 years, it may not seem worth it. But with a huge deduction when you sell, it would be great.

  20. Keith Warnick says:

    For businesses and government agencies in need of eco-friendly, quiet and trailerable electricity, I represent SolaRover; solar-powered generators. 10kW or 20kW capacity. No noise, fumes and payback in 3 to 5 years. Can be used as a source for electric car recharging. Contact keith(at)keithwarnick(dot)com for more information.

  21. Mark Hagerty says:

    Gerald, you are absolutely correct about Michigan’s wind potential. 14th in the entire nation. Michigan just commissioned two 2 megawatt turbines this month. Although the impression you left about our potential for solar is off. Michigan has 4.2hrs of peak sunlight daily, on a yearly average. This is far more than Germany has. Germany is 50% ahead of their goal of 20% renewable by 2020 because of solar. Solar also produces the most when utility companies are at peak demand, keeping us from needing more coal plants. Please check out http://www.michigansolarsolutions.com for the ‘Fun Facts’ section and the ‘MSS Blog’

  22. Dave says:

    I just found your site and its very interesting!! I am happy to find a site that deals with solar in Michigan and all across the country as well. I am a student at St. Clair Community College in Port Huron, MI, and my field of study is altrnative energy.

  23. Gerald says:

    I’m amazed how Michigan pushes solar having only about 85 clear days a year… We are much better suited for wind having more coastline than any other state….however virtually no incentives for wind power. A single small turbine generates more power, more reliably than a dozen large solar panels…nonetheless at least effort is being made for alternative energy.

  24. Dan Hahn says:


    Thanks for your comment and call to contact those folks in Lansing!

  25. Mark Hagerty says:

    If you truely want Michigan to adopt renewable friendly legistlation please contact your local State Congressman also please contact;

    Jennifer M. Granholm, P.O. Box 30013 , Lansing , Michigan 48909
    Frank Accavitti, Jr., P.O. Box 30014 , Lansing , Michigan 48909

    Please tell them to fully support HB5218, HB5548 and HB5549.

    HB5218, sponsored by State Representitive Kathleen Law 23rd District, is discribed above.
    HB5548 and HB5549 will require the utility companies to include renewable sources in their respective energy portfolios.

    You can make a difference if you act.
    Thank you
    Mark Hagerty

  26. Chad says:

    I think everybody in Michigan should get solar panels. If i can create the energy i use and it also creates jobs lets all jump on the band wagon.

  27. I owned a solar energy co. 1981 to 1985 until the energy tax credits ended (selling airwalls). does anyone think there’s any future in these systems if we can get back our 50% federal tax credits?

  28. alex says:

    check out the new bil just introduced!

    HB 6006 of 2008 Income tax; credit; for the purchase and installation of certain residential renewable energy systems; create.

    Its about time!

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